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NORAD Tracks Santa (NTS) Program
NORAD santa

NORAD Tracks Santa Emblem
Active 1955 - present
Type Public Service Program
Role Three (3) important roles: 1) Inform the world of Santa Claus' current location on Christmas Eve, 2) Provide information about NORAD, Santa Claus, and why NORAD tracks Santa Claus, with an on-line interactive Countdown Village to Christmas Eve, featuring holiday-themed entertainment and games during December of each year, and 3) Inspire children and the young at heart around the world to think about how space technology and exploration play an increasingly important role in our daily lives.
Size More than 1,200 volunteers
Part of North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)
Garrison/HQ (2006 - Present) Peterson AFB, Colorado Springs, Colorado; (1955-2005) Cheyenne Mountain AFS (Air Force Station), Colorado;
Colors Blue, Turquoise, Yellow, and Silver
Anniversaries December 24, Christmas Eve


NORAD Tracks Santa is the oldest and most well known Santa Tracking service offered to the public during December of each year. This Santa Tracking service is provided under the auspices of NORAD, the North American Aerospace Defense Command, a joint organization of Canada and the United States. Every year on Christmas Eve, "NORAD Tracks Santa" is in the role of following Santa Claus, as he leaves the North Pole and delivers presents to children around the world. During December of each year the NORAD Tracks Santa program disseminates information about NORAD, Santa Claus, and why NORAD tracks Santa Claus, with an on-line Countdown Village to Christmas Eve, which some might consider a type of on-line "advent calendar", that features holiday-themed entertainment.

NTS Space Foundation Cert Imagine Logo

In December 2007, the Space Foundation recognized the NORAD Tracks Santa program as a Corporate Patron Level Partner in the Certified Imagination Product Category of the Space Foundation's Space Certification Program.

The Space Foundation has recognized the NORAD Tracks Santa program as a Corporate Patron Level Partner in the Certified Imagination Product Category of the Space Foundation's Space Certification Program. [1] [2].[1] [2] [3] The Space Foundation specifically cited NORAD and the NORAD Tracks Santa Program for their accomplishments as follows, "NORAD uses four high-tech systems to track Santa - radar, satellites, Santa Cams and jet fighter aircraft. Not only do these systems utilize a variety of technologies developed for the space program, but the tradition of tracking Santa's progress itself inspires children around the world to think about how space technology and exploration play an increasingly important role in our daily lives." [3] [4]

The view of the NORAD Tracks Santa Program on Santa Claus is that "Based on historical data and more than 50 years of NORAD tracking information, we believe that Santa Claus is alive and well in the hearts of children throughout the world."[5] The audience for the NORAD Tracks Santa Program are those who believe in the spirit of the winter holiday season and that Santa Claus is alive and real in one's heart. A sentiment illustrated in the editorial "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus" that appeared in the September 21, 1897 issue of the New York Sun. Both Virginia's letter to the New York Sun and the editorial reply have been featured on the NORAD Tracks Santa website from its earliest years.[6]

According to Gerry Bowler, a history professor at the University of Manitoba and the author of Santa Claus: A Biography, of The World Encyclopedia of Christmas, and webinar host at the University of Manitoba on Christmas and Santa Claus, the NORAD Tracks Santa program and the various Santa Tracking efforts are "one of the few modern additions to the centuries-old Santa Claus story that have stuck. . . NORAD (and others) . . ., take(s) an essential element of the Santa Claus story - his travels on Christmas Eve – and looks at it through a technological lens. It brought Santa into the 20th century." And into the 21st century as well. [7]

Santa Tracker Theme Music Link to full size video

Historical Overview of the NORAD Track Santa Program

NORAD Why We Track Santa

1955 Sears ad with the misprinted telephone number that led to the NORAD Tracks Santa Program

According to NORAD's official web page on the NORAD Tracks Santa program, the history of the Santa tracking effort is:[8]

On December 24, 1955, a call was made to the Continental Air Defense Command (CONAD) Operations Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado. However, this call was not from the president or a general. It was from a girl in Colorado Springs who was following the directions in an advertisement printed in the local paper (Note - The newspaper was The Gazette of Colorado Springs.[9]) – she wanted to know the whereabouts of Santa Claus.

The ad by a Colorado Springs-based Sears store said "Hey, Kiddies! Call me direct and be sure and dial the correct number." However, the number was printed incorrectly in the advertisement and rang into the CONAD operations center.

2005 MSNBC Cosmic Log - Santa Tracking Season - Colonel(Retired) Shoup Interview of November 28, 2005 by Alan Boyle. [10] Link to full size video

On duty that night was Colonel Harry Shoup, who has come to be known as the "Santa Colonel." Colonel Shoup received numerous calls that night and rather than hanging up, he had his operators find the location of Santa Claus and reported it to every child who phoned in that night. (Note - Colonel(Retired) Harry Shoup, the first Santa Tracker, passed away on March 14, 2009, at the age of 91.[11] [12] [13] [14] [4])

Thus began a tradition carried on by the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) when it was formed in 1958. Today, through satellite systems, high-powered radars and jet fighters, NORAD tracks Santa Claus as he makes his Yuletide journey around the world.

Every Christmas Eve, thousands of volunteers staff telephones and computers to answer calls and e-mails from children (and adults) from around the world. Live updates are provided through the NORAD Tracks Santa Web site (in seven languages [Note - these languages include English, Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, and Spanish, with Brazilian Portuguese used in prior years] ), over telephone lines, and by e-mail to keep curious children and their families informed about Santa’s whereabouts and if it’s time to get to bed.

Each year, the NORAD Tracks Santa Web Site receives nearly nine million unique visitors from more than 200 countries and territories around the world. Volunteers receive more than 12,000 e-mails and more than 70,000 calls to the NORAD Tracks Santa hotline from children around the globe.

From December 2009 onward, children and the young-at-heart are able to track Santa through Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Flickr, and TroopTube.tv. To follow NORAD Tracks Santa on any of these Web sites, type in @noradsanta into the search engine and start tracking.

NORAD Tracks Santa has become a magical and global phenomenon, delighting generations of families everywhere.

Now major media outlets as well as children call in to inquire on Santa's location. NORAD relies on volunteers to help make Santa tracking possible.[15] Many employees at Cheyenne Mountain and Peterson Air Force Base spend part of their Christmas Eve with their families and friends at NORAD's Santa Tracking Operations Center, in order to answer phones and provide Santa updates to thousands of callers. All told, each volunteer handles about 40 telephone calls per hour, and the team typically handles more than 12,000 e-mails and more than 70,000 telephone calls from more than 200 countries and territories during a NORAD Tracks Santa season. Most of these contacts happen during the 25 hours from 2 a.m. on December 24 through 3 a.m. on Christmas that the operations center is up and running.[8][15]


NORAD Tracks Santa Website

The layout of the NORAD Tracks Santa website and its webpages have changed from 1997 to the present. Reasons are due to changes: 1) in internet and web technologies, and 2) as to who the NORAD Tracks Santa program partners and sponsors are for a particular year.


Homepage

Typically from early January (Epiphany or "Three Kings Day") thru November 30 (though for the 2012 season it is 27 December 2011 to at least 30 November 2012), when one arrives at the NORAD Tracks Santa website, one is greeted with a webpage to come back in December to track Santa with NORAD. In some years, one is also told that for more information about NORAD's mission, to go to NORAD's website [5] and to NORAD's Facebook [6].


NTS - 2012 Splash - Dec Return

NORAD Tracks Santa Website Splash from 27 December 2011 thru 30 November 2012


NTS - Splash - 1 Dec Return

2011 NORAD Tracks Santa Website Splash from early January 2011 thru 30 November 2011


During December, when one arrives at the NORAD Tracks Santa website, one is first asked to select one of these eight (8) languages - English, Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Brazilian Portuguese, or Spanish.


NORAD-Tracks-Santa-website-2011-Language Selection

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Language Selection Webpage of 2011


Once a language is selected, a homepage in the chosen language appears. During December, this homepage will feature:

1) A toolbar of "Home", "Videos", "Track Santa in Google Earth", "Kids' Countdown", "About Santa", "About NORAD", and "Contact Us".
2) For 2009 and 2010, a weblink to download iGoogle Gadget in order to add "NORAD Tracks Santa" to one's iGoogle page.
3) A weblink to follow NORAD tracking Santa on Facebook[7], on Google+ page [8], and Twitter [9].
4) For 2009 and 2010, a weblink to see a gallery of NORAD Tracks Santa program photos on Picassa [10].
5) From 1 December until Christmas Eve one sees these weblinks.
a) A weblink to play an embedded YouTube video trailer of the current NORAD Tracks Santa season.
b) A countdown display of the number of days, hours, minutes, and seconds remaining until Santa's Christmas Eve journey begins.
c) A weblink to Santa's Kid's Countdown Village webpage at the NORAD Tracks Santa website.
d) For 2010 only, a weblink to the Colorado Springs School District 11 webpage at the NORAD Tracks Santa website (English language webpages only). See article Colorado Springs School District 11 for more information.
e) Starting in 2011, weblinks to the Apple iTunes Store and the Android Market, in order to obtain free apps that countdown the days until Santa's takeoff on Christmas Eve
6) From Christmas Eve onward, the Pre-Christmas Eve weblinks are replaced with a NORAD Tracks Santa interactive a two-dimensional (2-D) Santa tracking map and a "NORAD Santa Tracker Tips and Tricks" weblink.


NORAD Tracks Santa - Homepage - Pre-Xmas - 2011

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Pre-Christmas Eve English Homepage of 2011


NORAD Tracks Santa - Homepage - Pre-Xmas - 2010

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Pre-Christmas Eve English Homepage of 2010

Countdown Village

Kids' Countdown Village Theme Music of 2010 Link to full size video

Since the 2007 NORAD Tracking Santa season, during December of each year, the NORAD Tracks Santa website features an interactive Kids' Countdown Village [11], with a display of the days remaining until Santa’s Christmas Eve flight will begin. The Countdown Village includes games and activities for children and the young at heart of all ages, such as crossword puzzles, interactive video games, and memory cards. For example, one game lets children help Santa stack presents efficiently on his sleigh so he can fit in as many as possible without any falling out. Another popular game is a create-a-snowman game, where children select eyes, a nose, mouth, and so on to build their own snowman. [16]


Kids Countdown Village - 2011

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Kids' Countdown Village Webpage of 2011


Kids Countdown Village - 2010

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Kids' Countdown Village Webpage of 2010


During December at the Countdown Village, are daily changing "Hot Updates" from the North Pole.

In 2011, music in Countdown Village is provided by the U.S. Air Force Academy Band [12], the Canadian Naden Band of the Maritime Forces Pacific [13], the U.S. Coast Guard Band [14], the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy Band [15], and the West Point Band [16].[17]

In 2011, there were 23 games in Countdown Village, with a new overall Countdown Village music theme. A game would become active on its designated countdown day to Santa's flight on 24 December. Most of the games would feature its own music. The 2011 Countdown Village games were:

Games Becoming Avilable during Each Day of December 2011 at Countdown Village
Day of December Game Game Music Theme
1 Christmas Tree Light Up. (Connect wires and bulbs of Christmas Tree)
2 Whack a Grinch ! (Grinch pop's up in slots. So do other characters - points off if other characters are whacked)
3 Arrange Christmas Decorations in a Row (3 or more of the same color)
4 Winter Wonderland Media Player (USAF Air Academy Band) - KSNO (North Pole Radio Station)
5 Santa Bureau of Investigation (SBI) - Match Cards
6 Snowball Warrior (Throw snowballs at moving people)
7 Holiday Wordscramble (Unscramble words)
8 Santa Packing Inc. (Rotate, Slide, and Stak presents into vertical lines)
9 Christams Crossword
10 Holiday Tic Tac Toe
11 Santa Hoops (Santa Throwing Basketballs into moving Basket)
12 Santa's Bakery (Move the spoon and try and catch the gingerbread man'sred gumdrop button. Gumdrop button on string with spoon.)
13 Find all the words from the word bank in the puzzle box
14 Snowman Skiing (Pick up parts to complete Snowman)
15 Elf Link (Explore Cities and Towns Around the World with Holiday Themed Names. Llinks to Google Maps with Holiday Themed named bookmarks)
16 Mrs. Claus Chitsmas Alphabet Soup Kitchen (Type as many letters as you can in a specified time)
17 Ornament Collection Center (Elf Collect Christmas Ornaments - Use Arrow Keys)
18 Toy Land (Click on Puzzle and unscramble the scrambled image parts)
19 Christmas Putt and Play (Golf Game to Green - 3 Shots to Make Hole in One)
20 Christmas Bounce (Get Bouncing Christmas Ornaments from Box to Christmas Tree using Pillow. Otherwise Ornaments break.)
21 Cookie Shack (Place Puzzle parts on Board to Solve Puzzle)
22 Top Secret NORAD File: "Operation Ho, Ho, Ho" - Santa Sled Specs (Displays information on Santa's Sleigh and Reindeer)
23 North Pole International Airport - Santa's Sleigh Radar (Remember Order of radar quadrants, then click the quadrants in the same order)


Two-Dimensional (2-D) Santa Tracking Map and Christmas Eve Onward Homepage

During December and before December 24 (Christmas Eve), the NORAD Tracks Santa website's interactive a two-dimensional (2-D) Santa tracking map tab [17] is not visible. If one links directly to the two-dimensional (2-D) Santa tracking map webpage, one sees the following:


NORAD Tracks Santa - 2D Map - Dec 2010 Before Xmas Eve

Two-Dimensional (2-D) Santa Tracking Map in December before Christmas Eve


Starting on December 24 for Christmas Eve, the NORAD Tracks Santa website homepage features an interactive a two-dimensional (2-D) Santa tracking map [18], showing in real-time the places that Santa has visited and if the visited location has a Santa Cam. This is shown on the map with "gift icons" for the places that Santa has visited and "video icons" for the places visited had a Santa Cam. [14][18] Since 2007, this two-dimensional (2-D) Santa tracking map has used Google Maps capabilities and technology. Google provides a weblink to "NORAD Santa Tracker Tips and Tricks", from the NORAD Tracks Santa website homepage, in order to help visitors navigate this feature. [19]

At the start Christmas Eve on 24 December, from about 0200 hrs (Eastern Time) to 0400 hrs (Eastern Time) one sees Santa Claus at the North Pole going thru final preparation activity on both the Tracking map and when you use the link to Google Earth.


NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Santa Claus at the North Pole - Tracking Map - Google Earth - Final preparation Activity on Christmas Eve
NORAD Tracks Santa - Tracking Map - North Pole.jpg
Santa Claus at the North Pole - Tracking Map - Final preparation Activity on Christmas Eve
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth - North Pole.jpg
Santa Claus at the North Pole - Google Earth - Final preparation Activity on Christmas Eve


Gift icon on Map: When one clicks on a gift icon on the map, pop-up information about that location is displayed, to include a photo, along with links to obtain additional information from Wikipedia, obtain additional photos of the selected location from Panoramio, and a link to zoom in on the selected location.

Video icon on Map: When one clicks on a video icon on the map, a pop-up with a Santa Cam video and information about that location are displayed, along with links to obtain additional information from Wikipedia, and a link to zoom in on the selected location.


NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Two-Dimensional (2-D) Santa Tracking Map Webpage with Video Icon and Gift Icon Displays
NORAD Tracks Santa - Track Map.jpg
Two-Dimensional (2-D) Santa Tracking Map
NORAD Tracks Santa - Track Map - Video Icon.jpg
Video Icon Pop-Up on Santa Tracking Map
NORAD Tracks Santa - Track Map - Gift Icon.jpg
Gift Icon Pop-Up on Santa Tracking Map


At the end of Santa Claus's journey, the NORAD Tracks Santa Tracking Map webpage shows the following:


NORAD Tracks Santa - Tracking Map - End of Journey

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Tracking Map Webpage at end of Santa Claus' journey


Track Santa in Google Earth Webpage

During December and before December 24 (Christmas Eve), the NORAD Tracks Santa website's "Track Santa in Google Earth" [19] webpage shows this message, "Track in Google Earth - In addition to tracking Santa on the NORAD Tracks Santa homepage, you can also track his flight in Google Earth. Return to this page on Christmas Eve."


NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth - 2010 Before Xmas Eve

Tracking Santa in Google Earth Message in December before Christmas Eve


If one's computer does not have Google Earth installed this additional message is shown "Google Earth is not installed on your computer. Download it by clicking the button below."


NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth - 2010 Before Xmas Eve - GE Download

Tracking Santa in Google Earth Message in December before Christmas Eve with request to download Google Earth


On Christmas Eve, this webpage called "Track Santa in Google Earth" [20] becomes available. This webpage enables one to follow Santa's journey in real-time using Google Earth's immersive three-dimensional (3-D) environment directly within one's web browser, after installing the Google Earth plug-in. [20] [21] [22] While one was able to use Google Earth's capabilities starting with the 2007 NORAD Tracking Santa season to track Santa, it was only starting with the 2009 NORAD Tracking Santa season that one could use Google Earth's immersive three-dimensional (3-D) environment directly within one's web browser. [23]


Once Santa Claus departs the North Pole on his Christmas Eve journey, Santa Claus will be in two (2) modes: 1) Journeying to a gift delivery point, or 2) Delivering gifts so fast that all you see is a series of red streaks. [24]


NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Google Earth
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth - On Way to Delivery Point.jpg
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth - Santa on the way to a gift delivery point
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth - Delivering Gifts.jpg
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth - Santa in the process of delivering gifts


Using the Google Earth Navigation Globe and one’s computer mouse (see Advanced features and tutorials: Navigating on Google Earth), one can change the orientation of Santa Claus and his sleigh while on his Christmas Eve journey and also “zoom in” for a close-up.


NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Google Earth
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth – Front-Orientation.jpg
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth – Orientation of Santa Claus and his Sleigh from the Front. [25]
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth – Close-Up.jpg
NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth – Close-up of Santa Claus. [25]


After Santa Claus' stops in Hawaii and on his return journey to the North Pole, one sees on the the Track Santa in Google Earth Webpage, that he has delivered 1,900,000,000 (1.9 billion) gifts to children and families across the world.


At the end of Santa Claus' journey, the NORAD Tracks Santa Google Earth webpage shows the following:


NORAD Tracks Santa - Google Earth - End of Journey

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Google Earth Webpage at end of Santa Claus' journey

Santa Cam Videos Webpage

A popular webpage on Christmas Eve is the Videos webpage [21], that is updated generally each hour, to show a Santa Cam video of a CGI-rendered Santa flying over major cities in the different time zones where it is midnight. The videos feature a voiceover, that is typically done by NORAD staff, explaining Santa's location with facts about Santa and the country and city which Santa has just visited.[18] Starting with the 2007 NORAD Tracking Santa season, YouTube capabilities have been used at the Santa Cam Videos Webpage.


NTS Santa Cam

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Santa Cam Videos Webpage


In December 2011, prior to Christmas Eve, the Videos webpage featured the NORAD Tracks Santa Trailer and a link to the the NORADTracksSanta Channel on YouTube.

NTS Videos Page - Dec 2011 - Pre-Xmas

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Videos Webpage - Decemebr 2011 before Christmas Eve


In December 2010, prior to Christmas Eve, the Videos webpage featured the NORAD Tracks Santa Trailer and, for the English language webpages, a link to the Holiday Videos webpage that has invited student videos from around the world. See article Holiday Videos from Around the World for more information.


NTS Videos Page - Dec 2010 - Pre-Xmas

NORAD Tracks Santa Website - Videos Webpage - Decemebr 2010 before Christmas Eve


Other Webpages at the NORAD Tracks Santa Website

Other webpages available during December at the NORAD Tracks Santa website are:

1) the "About Santa" webpages [22] (for 2011 this includes sending personalized video messages from Santa Claus at the North Pole), that cover Is Santa Real ?", Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)", and "Santa Snacks".
2) the "About NORAD" webpages [23], that cover the "North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)", "Why NORAD Tracks Santa, and "How NORAD Tracks Santa", and new in 2011, for the English language webpages, "Operation Good Will".
3) the "Contact Us" [24] webpages, that cover "Technical Support", the "Team of NORAD Tracks Santa Partners",for the current tracking season, and "Media Information and Contacts".
4) For 2010 only, for the English language webpages, the Colorado Springs School District 11 [25] webpage at the NORAD Tracks Santa website.
5) From 2010 on, for the English language webpages, the invited Holiday Videos from Around the World [26] webpage at the NORAD Tracks Santa website.

In past years, primarily from 2000 thru 2006, the NORAD Tracks Santa website featured downloadable files such as: printable world maps to help track Santa's progress, Christmas puzzles and games, coloring pages, bookmarks, wallpaper, NORAD Tracks Santa trailer video clips, celebrity audio and video messages, and Christmas music and holiday season music from the U.S. Air Force Academy Band [27], the U.S. Air Force Band of the Rockies (which since October 1, 2003 is now the Marching Band of the U.S. Air Force Academy Band, and from 1973 to 2003 was the band assigned to Headquarters, Air Force Space Command, also located in Colorado Springs) [28], the Naden Band of the Canadian Maritime Forces Pacific [29], The Gaither Vocal Band, Linda Purl, Ringo Starr, the U.S. Air Force Band of Mid-America [30], the Royal Canadian Artillery Band [31], and others.[26]

Main article: NORAD Tracks Santa - Downloads
Main article: NORAD Tracks Santa - Holiday Music - 2000 - 2005
Main article: Colorado Springs School District 11
Main article: Holiday Videos from Around the World
Main article: About NORAD - Operation Good Will


Santa Cam and Related Videos for NORAD Tracks Santa

The NORAD Tracks Santa website Videos webpage is updated, generally each hour, to show a Santa Cam video of a CGI-rendered Santa flying over major cities in the different time zones where it is midnight. The videos feature a voiceover, that is typically done by NORAD staff, explaining Santa's location with facts about Santa and the country and city which Santa has just visited.[18]

Celebrity voiceovers have also been done over the years. For the London Santa Cam video, British celebrity and television presenter Jonathan Ross did the voiceover for 2005 thru 2007 and the former Beatle star Ringo Starr was an honorary Santa Tracker and voiceover for London in 2003 and 2004.[27][28] Paul Harvey was also an honorary Santa Tracker and did the voiceover for the St. Louis, Missouri Santa Cam in 2003. In 2002, Aaron Carter was an honorary Santa Tracker and provided voice updates about Santa's whereabouts as he helped NORAD track Santa's progress on Christmas Eve in 2002.[29] The Santa Cam locations announced by Aaron Carter for the 2002 NORAD Tracks Santa season were: 1) Auckland, New Zealand, 2) Athens,Greece, and 3) Colorado Springs.

The locations of some of the Santa Cam videos have changed over the years. In 2009, a record 28 Santa Cam videos were posted at the NORAD Tracks Santa website's Videos webpage. In other years, generally 24 to 25 Santa Cam videos were posted at the NORAD Tracks Santa website's Videos webpage.

Main article: NORAD Tracks Santa Videos


Celebrity Video and Audio Messages for NORAD Tracks Santa

As part of celebrating the fiftieth (50th) tracking season of NORAD's annual tracking of Santa Claus in 2004, the NORAD Tracks Santa website featured many celebrity video and audio messages.[30] [31]

The 2005 and 2006 tracking seasons of NORAD Tracking Santa also featured many celebrity video messages at the NORAD Tracks Santa website. These celebrity video messages were prepared in conjunction with NORAD's participation in the annual Hollywood Christmas Parade in 2005 and 2006. [32] [33]

Main article: Celebrity Audio and Video Messages


References

  1. "Santa Claus is coming to town...track his flight with Certified Space Technology!, December 13, 2007" (in en). Space Foundation. http://www.spaceconnection.org/media/news-briefs/track-santa-certified-space-technology. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  2. "Certified Space Technology Reaches the North Pole, December 17, 2007" (in en). Space Foundation. http://www.spaceconnection.org/media/news-briefs/certified-space-technology-reaches-north-pole. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  3. "Certified Space Technology Reaches the North Pole, December 24, 2007, by Kendra S. Horn" (in en). Hawaii Reporter. http://www.hawaiireporter.com/story.aspx?141d187a-a5d0-47e0-b235-0609ae28f338. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  4. "NORAD Tracks Santa - Citation - Space Certification Program as a Corporate Patron Level Partner in the Certified Imagination Product Category, December 2007" (in en). Space Foundation. http://www.spaceconnection.org/certified-products/norad-tracks-santa. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  5. "Follow Santa Claus, courtesy Google and NORAD, December 24, 2009" (in en). PhysOrg.com. http://www.physorg.com/news180877905.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  6. "Is There a Santa Claus?, Dec 1999 by NORAD Tracks Santa" (in en). NORAD. http://tobey.com/santa/english/istheresanta.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  7. "Secret Santa helper: First lady pitches in with NORAD by Dan Elliott, Associated Press, 24 Dec 2010" (in en). Associated Press and MSNBC. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/40803123/ns/us_news-life/. Retrieved 2010-12-25. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "North American Aerospace Defense Command - NORAD Tracks Santa" (in en). NORAD. http://www.norad.mil/about/Santa.html. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  9. "NORAD will track Santa's trip, Dec 24, 2007, by Tom Roeder, The Gazette (Colorado Springs)" (in en). The Gazette (Colorado Springs). http://www.gazette.com/news/santa-31212-command-tracking.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  10. "MSNBC Cosmic Log: Nov 26, 2005 - Dec. 2, 2005 - Cosmic Log - Santa Tracking Season, Nov 28, 2005 by Alan Boyle" (in en). msnbc.com. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10242485/ns/technology_and_science-science/. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  11. "NORAD helps children track Santa via iPhone, iPod touch, December 24, 2009 by Apple Insider Staff" (in en). Apple Insider. http://www.appleinsider.com/articles/09/12/24/norad_helps_children_track_santa_via_iphone_ipod_touch.html. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  12. "The NORAD Santa Tradition Continues with expanded Social Media presence - some history, 1 Dec 2009 by GISuser.com" (in en). GISUser.com. http://www.gisuser.com/content/view/19124/28/. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  13. "First Santa Tracker Misses This Flight, 24 Dec 2009 by Russ Niles, Editor-in-Chief" (in en). AVWeb. http://www.avweb.com/avwebflash/news/FirstSantaTrackerMissesThisFlight_201740-1.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Behind the scenes: NORAD's Santa tracker for Thur, Dec 21, 2009 By Daniel Terdiman, CNET" (in en). CNET. http://news.cnet.com/8301-13772_3-10418101-52.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Behind the scenes: NORAD's Santa tracker for Thur, Dec 24, 2009 By Daniel Terdiman, CNET" (in en). CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/TECH/12/24/cnet.norad.santa.tracker/. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  16. "Making the Holidays Happier for Children Worldwide, December 8, 2008 by Booz Allen Hamilton" (in en). Booz Allen Hamilton. http://www.boozallen.com/news/40698518. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  17. "NORAD is ready to track Santa’s flight, Dec 1, 2011, NORAD Public Affairs" (in en). NORAD. http://www.norad.mil/News/2011/120111.html. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 "From NORAD Santa Tracker To Twitter: Santa Tracking For Christmas Eve 2009, Dec 23, 2009, Danny Sullivan" (in en). Search Engine Land. http://searchengineland.com/santa-tracking-for-christmas-eve-2009-32427. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  19. "NORAD Santa Tracker Tips and Tricks - published in 2009" (in en). Google. http://docs.google.com/present/view?id=dgfxmmrb_0dcxc48hq. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  20. "NORAD Tracks Santa Mission a Success, Dec 29, 2008 by NORAD Public Affairs" (in en). NORAD. http://www.norad.mil/News/2008/122908.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  21. "NORAD Ready to Track Santa’s Flight, Dec 1, 2009" (in en). Daily IQ. http://dailyqi.com/?p=13380. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  22. "Santa Tracker 2008: Google & NORAD Team Up Again, Dec 2, 2008, Danny Sullivan" (in en). Search Engine Land. http://searchengineland.com/santa-tracker-2008-google-norad-team-up-again-15668. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  23. "Google Geo Developer's Blog: This year, Santa is totally plugged in, December 23, 2009 by Jeffery Martin" (in en). Google. http://googlegeodevelopers.blogspot.com/2009/12/this-year-santa-is-totally-plugged-in.html. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  24. "Where Is Santa Claus? The 2010 Santa Tracker List, From NORAD To Google Earth, by Danny Sullivan, 24 Dec 2010" (in en). Search Engine Land. http://searchengineland.com/where-is-santa-claus-2010-tracker-list-norad-google-earth-59697. Retrieved 2010-12-25. 
  25. 25.0 25.1 "Michelle Obama helps children track Santa's Christmas Eve journey - with North American Aerospace Command by Daily Mail Reporter, 25 Dec 2010" (in en). Associated Press and Daily Mail UK. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1341411/NORADs-Santa-Tracker-mapping-Santa-Clauss-flight-path-55th-Christmas.html#. Retrieved 2010-12-25. 
  26. "NORAD Santa - 50 Years of Tracking Santa on Christmas Eve , 20 Dec 2005 by Glenn Letham" (in en). GISUser.com. http://www.gisuser.com/content/view/7696/. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  27. "'Starr' helps NORAD track Santa, Dec 2, 2003 by Michael Phillips, US Air Force Press Releases" (in en). US Air Force. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_prfr/is_200312/ai_2198668072/. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  28. "NORAD Missile Agency Tracks Santa By Satellite, December 24, 2007" (in en). Sky News. http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/Sky-News-Archive/Article/20080641298341. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  29. "Aaron Carter Named NORAD's Honorary Santa Tracker, November 25, 2002 by Yahoo Music" (in en). Yahoo News. http://new.music.yahoo.com/aaron-carter/news/aaron-carter-named-norads-honorary-santa-tracker--12059763. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  30. "Tracking Santa With Military Tech: NORAD Help Kids Follow St. Nick's Sleigh, Dec 24, 2004" (in en). ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=355492. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  31. "Tracking Santa With Military Tech: NORAD Help Kids Follow St. Nick's Sleigh - Page 2, Dec 24, 2004" (in en). ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=355492&page=2. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  32. "http://www.webpronews.com/norad-tracks-movement-near-north-pole-2005-12" (in en). WebProNews. http://www.norad.mil/News/2005/112105.html. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  33. "NORAD kicks off 50th anniversary of tracking Santa, Nov 21, 2005 by Sgt. 1st Class Gail Braymen, NORAD Public Affairs" (in en). NORAD. http://www.norad.mil/News/2005/112105.html. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 


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